Behind the Art: Why is ‘Weeping Woman’ by Picasso considered an icon of Cubism Movement?

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Behind the Art: Why is ‘Weeping Woman’ by Picasso considered an icon of Cubism Movement?

When I was investigating the walls of Tate Modern in London a few years ago, I was unconsciously trying to learn as much as possible about the endless paintings hanging in the space around me.I clearly remember the first time I turned my eyes Weeping woman By Pablo Picasso — Oil painting of a 61 x 50 cm canvas. I was hypnotized by the powerful image of a woman who was mourned in the painting. The image of her weeping is so strong that you can feel her pain emanating from her paintings. Picasso created this masterpiece to represent the sadness and devastation caused by the Spanish Civil War that began in 1936. This painting is based on the image of a woman holding a dead child, taken from Picasso’s anti-war mural. Guernica.. But the story behind this art is not that simple. Like all works of art, it has a layer of narrative hidden behind each brush stroke.

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Protest against Picasso’s war

During the Spanish Civil War, Adolf Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to bomb the town of Basque on behalf of General Franco. Picasso was asked to make a mural for the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exhibition when the bombing took place.He was so shocked by the news that he decided to protest the bombing. Guernica.. He told the Springfield Republicans on July 18, 1937: “In the panel I’m working on, I call it Guernica. All recent works of art clearly express the hatred of the military caste that sank Spain into the sea of ​​pain and death.”

Picasso’s obsession Weeping woman

Between June 8th and July 6th, 1937, Picasso produced 12 paintings and 4 oil paintings. Weeping woman..I was fortunate enough to see one of the versions..There are 36 works in total Weeping woman It has been identified so far. But why was Picasso so engrossed in that image?

Working GuernicaHe started his first study Weeping woman..But he didn’t include it Guernica, He first wanted to show off the shock and horror of the destruction caused by the war.He wanted to show Weeping woman As a symbol of sadness and sadness in the aftermath of war.Historians and art critics Weeping woman It was a metaphor for his personal anguish. The truth about the woman in the painting was immediately revealed by Picasso himself.

The woman’s face has something to do with the person depicted in Guernica, but it is very clear that it is the face of Picasso’s lover Dora Maar. (Photo: Instagram / @ captaindadada)

“Tortured” Muse Dora Maar

“To me, she is (Dora Maar) a crying woman. For many years, I have portrayed her in a tortured form, not through sadism, but with joy. A vision that forced me to myself. It wasn’t superficial, it was a deep reality … Dora was always a crying woman to me … and that’s important, because women suffer from machines. “— Picasso

This is Picasso’s infamous quote about his mistress Dora Maar and shows the reality of how he saw women. It is well known that he used his woman as an inspiration for his art. French photographer and painter Dora Maar was another muse of Cubist masters.She became known as Weeping woman He often portrayed her in tortured form after people learned that she had an abusive relationship with Picasso.

When I first turned to the painting, I could feel pain in the eyes of the woman. The tears and tortured facial expressions make you feel like hugging a woman or sitting with her and crying. Like many viewers of Tate Modern, I was unaware of the harsh truth about Dora Maar’s true story.

Mastering Picasso’s composition

It is not difficult to understand the composition and beauty of a painting without noticing the background of the story. Picasso used bright colors and bold lines to paint women with intricately angled shapes and planes. Sadness is obvious to the woman’s eyes, but he does not use the colors associated with sadness. Her face has something to do with the person depicted in Guernica, but it is clear that it is the face of Picasso’s lover Dora Maar. In the center of the painting are the hands, mouth, handkerchief, teeth and tear mash, all seamlessly integrated into one. Her eyes are drawn like a child and help relieve sorrow. Picasso used Cubism in an effective way to express such strong emotions in his paintings. The Weeping woman Is one of Picasso’s most famous portraits, performed in the style of Analytical Cubism, but more realistic than usual.

To emphasize the two-dimensional nature of the work, artists do not try to create “depth” in their paintings using any type of modeling / shading, such as linear perspective or chiaroscuro. The color scheme remains a mystery. Picasso frequently used monochrome or grisaille palettes to evoke pain and suffering.Palette used in Weeping woman All major colors are incorporated, including red, yellow, blue, orange, green and brown. Was he trying to infuse a woman with strong emotions, or was he trying to infuse a lively sense of life?

At the end of my visit to Tate Modern, I always bought a picture postcard from the gift shop. The impact was so great that I wanted to take it home. Whether you like studying the Cubist movement or just want to enjoy a work of art Weeping woman In the world of contemporary art, it will always be a fascinating artwork.

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