Explained: Who is Spanish artist Joan Miro, whose works are in India for the first time?

by AryanArtnews
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Joan Miró is best known for blending abstraction and surrealism with his whimsical images, creating a unique vocabulary of changing reality. The works of Spanish artists came to India for the first time at the Spanish Embassy’s exhibition hosted by Fundació Joan Miro and Fundación Abertis.

In his trademark vibrant shades, the five works exhibited in Delhi until July 24th include four paintings and sculptures of his later years. (Characters and birds with dogs) and Personnages et oiseaux dans un paysage nocturne (Characters and birds in the night landscape).

Regarding the work, Jose Maria Ridao, Ambassador of Spain to India, said, “This exhibition will give visitors a unique opportunity to discover the essential aspects of the artist through his outstanding graphic works.” Said.

See Master’s changing work and his numerous inspirations.

Early life and career

Born in a family of craftsmen in Barcelona in 1893, his father was a goldsmith and watchmaker. Milo was devoted to art from an early age, and when he was eight he painted realistic works. He started business school in 1907 and worked as a clerk for two years. Then, after memory weakness, he was able to convince his parents that his business career was not for him. After studying art at the School of Fine Arts in La Rocha in 1912, he enrolled in Escola Dahl in Francesk Galli, where he learned about the movements of contemporary art and the poets of contemporary Catalonia. Both had a great influence on his work. His teacher included Gari. Gari encouraged his students to touch and draw and draw, rather than just looking at them. It is associated with the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc, an art group whose members include the famous architect Antoni Gaudi. During his first years as an artist, Miro’s work was dominated by still life, portraits, nudity and landscapes in a style called “Catalonia’s Fauvism”.

After failing to make his debut solo in Barcelona in 1918, he headed to Paris for inspiration and then moved between Montroygue and the French capital over the next few years.

Introduction to Surrealism

In Paris, Milo was introduced to Dada artists and avant-garde artists, and more contemporary influences began to permeate his work. In 1924 he signed the Surrealist Manifest with Max Ernst, André Breton, Paul Eluard, André Masson, Rene Magritte, Giorgio di Kiriko and Guillaume Apollinaire.

Poetic lyricism began to be reflected in his work, leading to the series from 1924 to 1927, which he described as peinture-poésie, or “painting-poetry”.

In most of the works of the time, one color was dominant, like Le Placeur du music-hall. Since the 1930s he has abandoned realism and his image is now dominated by geometric shapes and symbols.

How politics and war affected his work

During the Spanish Civil War, Miro’s work was influenced by the politics of the time. In “Savage Paintings” (1936–1939), there were demonic characters from works such as Éveil Du Géant. The most political work he produced during this period was the 18-foot-high mural commissioned by the Pavilion of the Republic of Spain at the 1937 Paris International Exhibition. At the end of the 1938 exhibition, the murals were demolished and have been lost since then.

Between 1939 and 1940 he moved to Normandy with his family, and during World War II Germans bombed the area, forcing him to relocate to Spain. At that time, Milo was making small works, including his famous series “Constellation”.

Late and death

Famously saying, “I want to assassinate a painting,” Miro reinvented himself to create a new visual vocabulary for art. Despite his success in painting, he worked with Joseph Lorence Artigas to turn to ceramics in the mid-1940s and continue to explore new media. At the 1954 Venice Biennale he won the Grand Prize for Graphic Works, and in 1958 he created ceramic walls for the UNESCO building in Paris. In 1974, he was asked to create a tapestry for the World Trade Center in New York, but the 9/11 attack lost that work. One of his last public works projects was the magnificent public sculpture of the city of Barcelona, ​​”Womanand Bird,” completed in 1983, a year before his death.

His biomorphology has become one of the key features of Surrealism, but it has also influenced artists such as Salvador Dali and Rene Magritte. He founded the Miro Museum in Barcelona in 1975 to encourage future generations of art learning and experimentation.

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