Factory A Cultural Headquarters / Behark
Beñat Saratxaga, Gentzane Goikuria
A description of the text provided by the architect. Hell or high water / Egunen batean mundua leunagoa eginen da gure inguruan eta nahinorantz abiatuko gara nahieran, eta maite ditugun lagunak besarkatuko ditugu, eta den edaririk bizigarriena edanen dugu, eta legeaz landako gure mintzairan solastatuko gara
Aiaraldea is a non-profit consumer established in the Basque Country region of the same name to provide support and support services through the promotion and management of goods through cultural and educational activities (euskara) in Basque. And a cooperative of social initiatives. Created in Basque for leisure, communication, culture, education, language normalization, food sovereignty, feminism, socio-economics, and community development for other citizens, associations, companies and institutions as well as members. Unless the services and markets meet these social needs. In order to develop these goals, it is essential to accommodate the offices of co-operatives, media and service companies, as a meeting space for members, and to establish a social headquarters for the realization of society. , Cultural and educational activities linked to the association. Therefore, after a long and complex process of developing a viable program, looking for space to convert to headquarters, and exploring funding and crowdfunding routes, the Aiaraldea Ekintzen Faktoria -Aiaraldea Action Factory- occurs. An ambitious project that requires the integration of a wide range of demanding programs with many different and contrasting uses in spatially and environmentally quality spaces. The adaptive multipurpose space project should include all the pre-design work required for long-term completion, but construction is carried out in different phases depending on the resources and needs of each period. increase. In addition, due to financial constraints, most of the work must be done through community work or auzolan. This is the Basque language used to define free neighborhood work that is normally performed to assist villages and communities in some cases. A person or family.
This project shares the same logic as Matryoshka with others. In the literal physical sense, a set of buildings fits into another building, and in the social sense, many social relationships and exchanges take place within a more general framework. , A new framework for relationships between people. In addition, Factory A must be a space to promote the value of co-operatives, their physical realization. Therefore, it is made with sustainable construction materials and solutions selected to facilitate interactions between different regions and users. Faktoria must be as sustainable as possible in both its construction and subsequent use, and is based on adaptability and reversibility criteria that allow for the total or partial reconstruction of space. This proposal should not only meet the needs agenda advocated by the Aiaraldea Cooperative, but also act as a catalyst to strengthen, accelerate and enrich the vibrant relationships that must be created in this area. .. At the same time as strengthening the relationships between users, create an environment or scenario (towns and squares) where these relationships develop. The image of the village is enriched by the ideas of factories where collective action and socio-cultural activities take place.
This proposal reproduces small urban structures, villages with public and private land, open and closed spaces, agora or squares, green spaces, and more. The growth of this village is partially regulated, and others deploy around the conference area, stacking spaces and adapting to different uses at different times. Over time, it becomes possible to expand the area, like a city, which spreads to the surrounding urban area, dematerializing the continental enclosure, the pavilion itself, guiding indoor life to the outside, and colonizing the surroundings. To be.
The matryoshka strategy mentioned above consists of introducing a small building inside an existing building and has many advantages. You can maintain the space of the warehouse without adjusting the overall volume and save heating and insulation. It enables the readability of spaces very quickly and supports an intuitive understanding and location of different spaces and internal uses. In addition, the architectural advantages are clear, creating a charming and rich space that resembles an organic group of small squares, small neighborhoods and old villages with green spaces. The starting point for developing this strategy is to create a simple geometry work module that takes the form of a volumetrically unobtrusive cabin. By repeatedly grouping these modules or cabins to meet the different spatial needs of each user through subtle changes in scale, a wide range of program goals can be achieved while at the same time the required volume and format. Richness is guaranteed. Used both indoors and outdoors to suit the built terrain of this new village, including workshops, meeting places, children’s games, stage boxes and taverns.
The lightweight wood frame module benefits from standardization and prefabs and has the benefits of a replicable modular system. At the same time, it’s easy to build in a non-special way. Depending on structural and finishing requirements, they form opaque or translucent enclosures with varying degrees of insulation and barriers depending on moist heat and acoustic needs. A lightweight, clean construction system with a small, well-distributed load is used to avoid costly foundations. This allows thermoacoustic adjustments in rooms and workspaces that require it without heating the entire volume of the pavilion, which also functions as a thermoacoustic cushion.
Despite those very important things, some of the interventions proposed in the project could not be fully implemented in this first phase. To make the factory visible and improve the spatial quality of the surrounding area, the project envisions dematerialization of the pavilion envelope using polycarbonate panels and new glazing, and increased transparency with large sliding panels on both facades. Did. In this way, interior activities are extended to adjacent areas and colonized by the Parkez system, a modular sidewalk extension system designed and developed by behark studio. The project also considered transforming the southern cantilever Bryce Soleil into a sunny exterior terrace for co-operative employees.
These actions were postponed at a later stage, but due to financial problems, Aiaraldea Ekintzen Faktoria is a living, continuously developing project, many such as the manufacture of specially designed furniture. Work is still in progress. Factory A has been largely built through the partner’s own community work, from the design work of the architectural studio to the many guilds and professionals involved in the work. This is very important in fostering and promoting a sense of belonging. The socio-cultural project it represents. This shows the potential for transformation in projects developed with commitment and dedication, even in the face of very tight budgets. As a structure of organically growing cities or factories, Faktoria spreads inside the pavilion to provide the community with unexpectedly rich scenarios that make it possible.