How to use a DSLR camera – FOX21 News Colorado

How to use a DSLR camera – FOX21 News Colorado

Tips for using a DSLR camera

Digital SLR cameras are high-tech tools that even beginners can take professional-quality images. However, to control the results and create the best photos, you need to understand what the camera does and how to use it.

Most DSLR cameras offer an automatic mode that allows you to take acceptable pictures with little effort, like the pictures you took with your smartphone. However, photographers achieve best results with camera features that give them complete control over the process. These settings may seem daunting at first, but with some practice, they become a second property, providing the opportunity to create unique, high-quality artistic images. To do.

If you are familiar with DSLR cameras and know how to use them to get the results you want, digital photography will be much more enjoyable.

How does a DSLR camera work?

DSLR cameras such as the Nikon D7500 include an internal mirror and prism mechanism that reflects the light from the lens onto the optical viewfinder or LCD screen to create images.

When you press the shutter button, the reflector is swung up out of the way and the shutter opens. The light collected and focused by the lens is captured by the digital image sensor.

The camera’s processor converts the information from the image sensor to Raw or JPEG format before writing it to the memory card. The entire process runs quickly. Some professional DSLR cameras can run more than 11 times per second.

Which camera shooting mode should I use?

Preparing the camera before taking a picture begins with selecting the shooting mode. These are usually on dials labeled as “Auto, Av, Tv, P, M”. Between fully automated mode and manual mode (M), where you can control all settings with the camera’s microcontroller, semi-automatic modes include aperture priority (A or Av), shutter priority (Tv), and program (P).

Aperture priority mode

Aperture Priority is a semi-automatic mode that allows you to control the aperture size while the camera automatically selects the optimal shutter speed for the proper exposure.

The aperture is measured at “f stop” (f / 2.0, f / 2.8, f / 4.0, f / 5.6, f / 8.0 and above) and represents the ratio of the focal length to the diameter of the aperture. The higher the number, the smaller the size of the lens opening. For example, the f / 8.0 aperture is small and takes in half the amount of light as the f / 4.0 aperture.

Aperture is an important parameter as it directly affects the depth of field (that is, the amount of image in focus). The smaller the aperture (larger F-number), the deeper the depth of field. That is, the focus is on a significant portion of the scene from the foreground to the background.

Shutter priority mode

Shutter Priority is a semi-automatic shooting mode that allows you to control the shutter speed while the camera selects the appropriate aperture.

The shutter speed setting controls how long the shutter stays open when you take a picture. Measured in seconds or seconds. DSLRs typically have settings from 1/4000 (1/4000 second) up to 30 seconds.

Increasing the shutter speed will reduce the amount of light that reaches the sensor, freeze the exposure of fast-moving subjects, and bring them into focus. Sports and other action scenes are often shot with a shutter speed of 1/2000, or 1/1000 second. Slow shutter speeds often allow more light to reach the sensor, allowing a slightly blurry image to represent movement.

Program mode

In program mode, the photographer can set either the aperture or the shutter speed, and the camera adjusts the other settings to maintain the correct exposure. In this mode, you can use either aperture priority or shutter priority without switching between shooting modes.

ISO setting controls light sensitivity

The ISO setting controls the sensitivity of the DSLR camera sensor to lighting conditions. The low sensor sensitivity (low ISO number) is ideal for shooting in sunny environments with ample light. High sensor sensitivity is ideal for dark conditions where proper exposure requires more light. Adjusting the ISO setting to the appropriate light sensitivity can reduce noise and minimize particles.

How to use aperture, shutter speed, and ISO exposure triangle

Aperture, shutter speed, and ISO are all linked. Understanding the relationships between them is essential for controlling the camera. Changing one of the settings affects the other two.

For example, if you want to set the shutter speed to 1/10 second, the aperture value to f / 8.0, and the aperture value to ISO 400 to reduce the depth of field of the exposure, change the aperture value to f / 4.0. Increasing the overall aperture size by 2 f / stop quadruples the amount of light entering the camera (that is, doubles for each f / stop).

There are three options for balancing the exposed triangles:

  • Slow the shutter speed 4 times, up to 1/40 seconds.
  • Lower ISO 4 times up to ISO100.
  • Slow the shutter speed Double, up to 1/20 second, Reduce ISO Doubled against ISO200.

In most cases, when fine-tuning a photo, the aperture is the first exposure triangle parameter to adjust. However, if you prioritize capturing movement, you often change the shutter speed first. ISO is rarely the main configuration parameter, but it can be adjusted to balance the exposure triangle.

Which measurement method produces the best exposure?

DSLR cameras typically offer several measurement modes for exposing photos.

  • Evaluative Metering (Canon) or Matrix Metering (Nikon): The most complex metering method for cameras, it measures the brightness level of the entire frame to determine the appropriate exposure.
  • Partial weighing: Only available with Canon DSLR cameras, this method measures the portion of the image inside the circle displayed in the viewfinder. Usually less than 20% of the frame determines the portion of the image where focus is measured.
  • Center-weighted metering: Similar to partial metering, this method reads a large section in the center of the image. This is the least used measurement method because the bright area in the center of an image with a dark background tends to be overexposed.
  • Spot metering: This method reads light from the selected focal point (usually less than 10% of the frame). Photographers use this mode to determine the proper exposure of a particular part of an image.

Digital SLR metering can seem complicated at first, but experimenting with different modes can help you determine the best method for any image.

Which focusing mode produces the clearest results?

The autofocus mode of a DSLR depends on the focus point where dots or squares appear in the viewfinder over the entire screen. When you press the shutter button halfway, some of these flash to indicate the active focus point. Some DSLRs, such as the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV, have over 50 focus points.

The best way to ensure correct focus is to turn off the spectral focus option in the menu system, enable single point focus (usually center), and place the focus point above the subject.

DSLR cameras offer a variety of autofocus modes. However, the two most frequently used are single and continuous.

  • Autofocus-singleAlso known as AF-S, it is ideal for taking pictures of still subjects such as landscapes, buildings, and portraits of people. When you press the shutter halfway, the camera focuses and stays in focus as long as you press the button. To change the focus, release the button, reconfigure it, and then press it halfway again.
  • Autofocus-ContinuousAlso known as AF-C, it is most effective for taking pictures of moving subjects and action events such as sports. Similar to AF-S mode, the camera gets focus and stays locked to the subject. However, if the subject moves, it will be in focus until the picture is taken.

Best DSLR camera

The best DSLR for professional photographers

Nikon D850

With 45.7 megapixel resolution, 7 frames per second continuous shooting speed, and 4K full frame video, this camera is perfect for professional photographers and serious amateurs.

Where to buy: Sold by Amazon

The best feature-rich camera at a reasonable price

Canon EOS 90D

Canon EOS 90D

With a 32.5 megapixel APS-C sensor, 10 frames per second continuous shooting capability, and high image quality with untrimmed 4K video capture, this camera is an ideal choice for enthusiasts.

Where to buy: Sold by Amazon

The best digital SLR camera for beginners

Canon EOS Rebel SL3

Canon EOS Rebel SL3

The small and lightweight camera features a 24.1 megapixel APS-C sensor with Canon dual pixel AF technology and 4K video. We provide in-camera guides to help beginners achieve the best results.

Where to buy: Sold by Amazon

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