Long-hidden synagogue mural gets rehabbed, relocated

0
120
Long-hidden synagogue mural gets rehabbed, relocated

BURLINGTON, Vt. (AP) —

A mural painted more than 100 years ago by a Lithuanian immigrant in a Vermont synagogue — and hidden behind a wall for years — has been called a rare work of art and has been carefully relocated and restored.

The large colorful triptych painted in 1910 by the sign painter Ben Zion Black shows the Ten Commandments with a lion on either side, the sun radiating down, and columns and rich draperies on the borders. Now known as the “Lost Mural,” it is a rare representation of a type of art that graced wooden synagogues in Europe that were largely destroyed during the Holocaust, experts say.

“When I learned about the mural and what it is and the story behind the artist, I was completely amazed, and there’s nothing like it anywhere else in this country,” said Josh Perelman, chief curator and director of exhibitions and interpretation at the Weitzman. National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia.

It’s a representation of a style that was present all over Europe, but Perelman said he’s never heard of anyone bringing that style to the United States.

“That makes it both a treasure and also an important work, both in American Jewish religious life and the world of art in this country,” he said.

Black, who was also a musician, playwright and poet, as well as a draftsman, decorated the interior of what was then the Chai Adam Synagogue in 1910 in a Jewish neighborhood in Burlington known as Little Jerusalem. He painted the triptych – the Lost Mural – in the apse of the building, as well as other murals in the synagogue’s interior.

But the synagogue closed in 1939 when it merged with another, Ohavi Zedek, and the original building continued to have other uses, including a carpet shop, according to the Lost Mural website.

When the building was converted to apartments in 1986, Ohavi Zedek archivist Aaron Goldberg and a fellow synagogue member got the owner to install a wall in front of the mural, according to the website. Black’s two daughters donated money to have archival photos taken of the art, but it was unclear at the time whether the mural could be saved, Goldberg said.

More than 20 years later, the mural was cut away, and photos were taken and sent to museums around the country and world to ask what should be done with the artwork, Goldberg said.

“The universal consensus then was that we had to do everything we could and take all possible measures to take out the original mural because of its uniqueness, because it really is a symbol for maybe thousands of murals and these types of paintings that are lost went in Eastern Europe and and Western Europe,” Goldberg said.

The plaster was in poor condition and paint was peeling in many parts. The patch was stabilized and a conservator worked to reattach the paint. Then a temporary structure was built so that the building’s roof could be removed, the mural’s lathes reinforced and the artwork encased in a metal frame for the move in 2015 by crane and then truck to the current Ohavi Zedek Synagogue .

In its new home, conservators have restored damaged sections of paint and cleaned the entire mural, revealing the original vibrant color and detail. Paint was also matched and added where it fell off. That work took place this year and last year, during the coronavirus pandemic, when the building was largely unused.

About $1 million was raised for the project through donations from local, state, national and international donors. The Lost Mural Project, an independent secular nonprofit, is still seeking donations to replicate the green corridors on the original painting that did not survive, said Goldberg, its president.

The renewed mural was unveiled this summer, and tours are underway.

Senior Rabbi Amy Small saw the beauty of the restoration step by step as she came to the office or sanctuary, which she said was a reminder of how significant the mural is.

It is important not only to the Jewish community and the descendants of those early settlers of Burlington, but also to other immigrants in the United States, who provided safety for Jewish and other families fleeing from many parts of the world, she said. said.

“It’s both a Jewish story and an American story,” Small said, as well as a “universal story.”

Another part of the Lost Mural story is the “magnificent, creative and dedicated people who nurtured its preservation and its re-presentation to the world,” Perelman said. “The Burlington community, the Burlington Jewish community, the state of Vermont, have been wonderful in their sense of the importance of this work of art and their commitment to seeing it again.”

.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here