Seven artworks exploding the myth of a movement

by AryanArtnews
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From the beginning, the purpose of Surrealism was to destroy what most people believed was the very foundation of modern civilization: logic, customs and reasoning. Surrealism promised intellectual freedom only to its followers, first writers and later visual artists. These artists aimed to open the door to a world that political authorities couldn’t penetrate: imagination, urges, and dreams.

in this way:

-Women written out of history

-The meaning hidden in the masterpiece

-Paintings that reveal the truth

And then history was told by scholars to define Surrealism. This included a condensed cast of (mainly male) heroes, including the movement’s father André Breton, who wrote the first Surrealist Manifest in 1924. It has also become closely associated with western cities, especially Paris and Newyork.

Matthew Gale, curator of the Surrealism Beyond Borders on display at Tate Modern in London, told the BBC culture: “Historians complicate them by doing research.” The work, conducted by Gail, his co-curator Stephanie Dlessandro, and a team of scholars, returns to the original publications and exhibition catalogs. Included discovering many lesser-known artists that deserve reconsideration. “We approached from a cross-border historical perspective. Surrealism is not a style, but a state of mind that leads to the creativity of a free individual,” says Gale.

To show this new perspective, Matthew Gale reveals how artists from six continents, Australasia, Asia, Europe, North America, Central America and Africa, were influenced by Surrealist techniques and ideas. To

Tusalava (1929) by Len Lye, New Zealand

One of the greatest works of the exhibition is Tusalava (1929), a 10-minute animated film by New Zealand-born Len Lye. In it, a primitive worm-like shape begins to move through the gaps, creating a humanoid figure and defeating him. The lye used images inspired by the art of Maori and Samoa, inspired by the story of the witch Grab from the Arrerntes of Central Australia. However, these cross-cultural interests were combined with the technology loved by Surrealism. “It’s drawn directly on the film, so it’s a kind of graffiti automation drawn directly on celluloid,” explains Gale. Automatism is a characteristic surrealist process that involves “free” writing or drawing in an attempt to separate expression from conscious control. The film is the result of two years of painstaking work that brings the spectacle of automation to life-threatening breathtaking.


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