The roots of Kyiv-Moscow conflict and Ankara’s calls

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Tensions between Ukraine and Russia are increasing day by day. Russian troops are deployed near the common border between the two countries, and the world is concerned about the possibility of a Kremlin invasion. Ukraine is vigilant and urges the West to take action. The United States is focusing on this issue, and so far neither party has retreated in a few weeks. Russia denies planning an operation and argues that NATO’s support for Ukraine is a real and only threat to Russia’s western border. Moscow says it feels threatened by NATO and the United States, but Washington argues the opposite. It calls the movement and concentration of troops at the border “abnormal”.

Despite warnings from US President Joe Biden and European leaders, there are still about 100,000 Russian troops on the Ukrainian border. According to the latest intelligence activities of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, Russia has deployed more than 127,000 troops near Ukraine, including 21,000 aviation and navy personnel, to strengthen its intelligence activities against Ukraine.

There have been many diplomatic negotiations between Russia and the West. However, the tension has not eased. The United States has already declared that Russia’s aggression can occur at any time.

The same scenario can be seen in Crimea. Russia has a huge naval base in Crimea and was annexed in 2014.

In Ukraine, the Donbas region is pro-Russia, but there is also evidence of very strong anti-Russian pro-European sentiment that can be easily witnessed in the capital Kiev.

I was one of the journalists who reported that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan made an official visit to Ukraine a few years ago. I remember well that the largest mural in the capital was a symbol of resistance to Russia.

Those who become part of the European Union and dream of being released from Moscow are afraid of turmoil in the country, and pro-Russians from predominantly Russian-speaking families are present in Moscow. I support.

Independence from the church

But remember that the Orthodox Church of Ukraine declared independence from Moscow four years ago and is associated with the Greek Orthodox Church of Istanbul, which is considered ecumenical by Christians of the Orthodox Church. The ceremony was held in Istanbul and I was invited as one of the few journalists to witness it. With the liberation of the Patriarchate from Moscow, Ukraine gained more independence. But now Russia is trying to regain its control.

In fact, the current problem dates back to 2013. Former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych suspended negotiations with the EU at the time, triggering a major protest in Kiev. The annexation of Crimea came a year later. Later, pro-Russian separatists in the cities of Donetsk and Luhansk declared their independence and clashes began. There were many civilian deaths in these clashes. Therefore, the crisis dates back nine years.

Turkey’s position

Turkey is the only country that has close ties with Russia and the Western nations. Therefore, it can talk to both sides and play an important role. This is why Erdogan wants to mediate between Russia and Ukraine. Turkey also does not want a war close to its territory and wants to do everything in its power to thwart such a possibility.

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